# Physics

__Physics R Course Goals and Student Learning Objectives__

**Performance expectations include:**

- Developing and using models
- Planning and conducting investigations
- Analyzing and interpreting data
- Using mathematical and computational thinking
- Constructing explanations

**Semester 1 SLOs**

**Kinematics: One- and Two- Dimensional Motion**

- Differentiate speed from velocity
- Solve average velocity problems
- Solve acceleration problems
- Examine free fall situations
- Inspect projectile motion

**Dynamics: How Forces Affect Motion**

- Support observations of motion using Newton’s 1
^{st}law of motion - Devise Newton’s 2
^{nd}law of motion - Measure the force of friction between surfaces
- Analyze net forces
- Solve pressure problems

**Conservation Laws: Momentum and Energy**

- Investigate momentum
- Measure impulses during collisions
- Evaluate collisions using the law of conservation of momentum
- Categorize types of mechanical energy
- Assess energy transformations using the law of conservation of energy

**Rotational Mechanics: Kinematics/Dynamics for Rotating/Revolving Bodies**

- Solve tangential speed/centripetal acceleration problems
- Examine stability by locating the center of mass/gravity of an object
- Analyze lever arms and torque
- Solve centripetal force problems
- Solve law of conservation of angular momentum problems

**Gravitation: Force of Attraction Between Masses**

- Compare Newton’s and Einstein’s views on gravitation
- Inspect the inverse square law (gravitational force and distance)
- Solve Universal law of gravitation problems
- Measure acceleration due to gravity of celestial bodies
- Use Kepler’s laws to determine planet periods and average distances to the sun

**Semester 2 SLOs**

**Relativity: Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity**

- Explain time dilation
- Solve length contraction problems
- Analyze the dependence of mass on velocity
- Interpret Einstein’s E = mc
^{2}equation

**Properties of Matter: Solids, Liquids, and Gases**

- Examine the density of substances
- Solve elasticity (modulus) problems
- Measure buoyant forces
- Assess liquid and atmospheric (hydrostatic) pressure
- Devise a hydraulic lift system using Pascal’s Principle
- Apply Bernoulli’s Principle to explain matter interacting with fluids

**Heat: Heat Transfer and Thermodynamics**

- Differentiate conduction, convection, and radiation
- Measure specific heat of substances
- Estimate thermal expansion/contraction of matter
- Solve phase change problems
- Design a heat engine using the first law of thermodynamics

**Waves: Waves Basics, Sound, Light, and Color**

- Diagram wave characteristics
- Solve wave speed equation problems
- Organize an octave of musical notes
- Analyze subjective/objective qualities of sound
- Arrange electromagnetic waves by frequency and wavelength
- Evaluate transparent and opaque objects using color addition and subtraction

**Electrostatics: Electrical Forces and Fields**

- Compare/contrast gravitational and electrostatic forces
- Measure electrostatic force
- Construct/analyze electric field lines
- Estimate electric field strength
- Solve voltage problems

**Electricity: Electric Current and Circuits (If timer permits)**

- Measure current, voltage, and resistance (Ohm’s law)
- Solve capacitance problems
- Measure electric power
- Compare/contrast series and parallel circuits
- Analyze series and parallel circuits to measure voltage, current, and resistance